Dental and Medical Problems

Dent. Med. Probl.
Index Copernicus (ICV 2018) – 113.05
MNiSW – 20
Average rejection rate – 71.8%
Average waiting time at editors (to acceptance) – 18.38 days
ISSN 1644-387X (print)
ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2015, vol. 52, nr 1, January-March, p. 47–53

Publication type: original article

Language: Polish

Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Stan zdrowia i potrzeby lecznicze dotyczące uzębienia stałego dzieci w wieku 7 lat z terenu województwa lubelskiego

Health Condition and Treatment Needs of Mineralized Tissues of Permanent Teeth in 7-Year-Old Children From the Lublin Region

Teresa Bachanek1,A,D,E,F, Barbara Hendzel1,B,D, Aneta Komsta1,C,D, Ewa Wolańska1,B,D

1 Katedra i Zakład Stomatologii Zachowawczej z Endodoncją, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Lublinie, Lublin

Streszczenie

Wprowadzenie. Próchnica zębów ze względu na powszechność występowania jest problemem społecznym, a ryzyko jej rozwoju zwiększa się szczególnie u pacjentów w wieku rozwojowym. Z danych epidemiologicznych wynika, że próchnica zębów rozpoczyna się często w pierwszym roku życia (ok. 6–8 miesiąc), a zachorowalność na tę chorobę zwiększa się wraz z wiekiem, zbliżając się do 100% u dzieci między 6. a 7. rokiem życia.
Cel pracy. Ocena stanu zdrowia i potrzeb leczniczych zmineralizowanych tkanek zębów stałych u dzieci w wieku 7 lat z terenu województwa lubelskiego.
Materiał i metody. Zbadano 195 losowo wybranych dzieci w wieku 7 lat zamieszkałych w województwie lubelskim, uczniów 5 szkół podstawowych z powiatu bielskiego i 3 z Zamościa.
Wyniki. Frekwencja próchnicy w grupie dzieci 7-letnich z województwa lubelskiego osiągnęła wartość 23,07%, a średnia liczba PUWZ wynosiła 0,51. Zaobserwowano potrzebę objęcia leczeniem stomatologicznym dzieci poddanych badaniu. Wśród potrzeb leczniczych występowała konieczność wypełnienia zęba na jednej powierzchni (w 14,36%), na dwóch i więcej powierzchniach (1,54%), konieczność założenia laku szczelinowego (69,74%) i zastosowania profilaktyki fluorkowej (28,21%).
Wnioski. Wyniki przeprowadzonych badań wskazują na dużą frekwencję i intensywność choroby próchnicowej w grupie dzieci w wieku 7 lat z terenu województwa lubelskiego. Konieczne jest zintensyfikowanie działań mogących doprowadzić do poprawy obecnego stanu uzębienia dzieci.

Abstract

Background. Dental caries is a social problem due to its common occurrence and the risk of its development increases especially in patients at the developmental age. Epidemiological data show that dental caries often begins in the first year of life (6–8 months) and its morbidity increases with age approaching 100% in children between 6 and 7 years old.
Objectives. The aim of the study was to assess the health condition and treatment needs of mineralized tissues of permanent teeth in 7-year-old children from the Lublin region.
Material and Methods. 195 randomly chosen 7-year-old children living in the Lublin region, pupils from 5 primary schools in Biała Podlaska and 3 in Zamość. The number of permanent teeth and the condition of mineralized tissue were assessed on the basis of DMFT. The dental treatment needs were determined according to WHO directives.
Results. The caries prevalence among 7-year-old children from Lublin region reached 23.07% and a mean DMFT 0.51. The need of dental treatment in examined children was noted. The necessity to fill a tooth on one surface was observed in 14.36% of cases, on two and more surfaces in 1.54%, application of sealant in 69.74% and fluoride prophylaxis in 28.21%.
Conclusion. The results of conducted research indicate a high caries prevalence of caries disease in the group of 7-year-old children from the Lublin region. It is vital to intensify activities leading to the improvement of the present dental condition in children.

Słowa kluczowe

dzieci, próchnica zębów, PUWZ

Key words

children, dental caries, DMFT

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