Dental and Medical Problems

Dent. Med. Probl.
Index Copernicus (ICV) – 109.28, MNiSW – 11
Average rejection rate – 28.22
ISSN 1644-387X (print),   ISSN 2300-9020 (online)
Periodicity – quarterly

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Dental and Medical Problems

2018, vol. 55, nr 4, October-December, p. 399–404

doi: 10.17219/dmp/96273

Publication type: original article

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Comparison of oral health condition in Polish adolescents within 7 years

Porównanie stanu zdrowia jamy ustnej młodzieży polskiej w okresie 7 lat

Dorota Olczak-Kowalczyk1,A,B,D,E,F, Dariusz Gozdowski2,C,E, Elżbieta Małkiewicz3,A,E, Urszula Kaczmarek4,B,C,D,E,F

1 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland

2 Department of Experimental Design and Bioinformatics, Faculty of Agriculture and Biology, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Poland

3 Department of Mother and Child, Ministry of Health, Warszawa, Poland

4 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Pedodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland

Abstract

Background. There is some increase in the risk of oral diseases in adolescence, as in this period of life, individuals become more independent regarding the consumption of sugary food and beverages, and they can be reluctant to apply oral hygiene procedures systematically. Therefore, adolescence is a period of life that needs special attention.
Objectives. The objective of this study was to compare some oral health parameters and oral health-related behaviors of 15-year-olds within the past 7 years.
Material and Methods. In 2008 and 2015, nationwide surveys on oral health condition involving 15-year-olds were carried out in Poland. Sampling and clinical examinations were performed according to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, which were extended with a questionnaire concerning pro-health behaviors.
Results. Caries prevalence and severity turned out to be a constant, as neither a significant reduction in the proportion of caries-affected adolescents (94.0% vs 94.0%) nor in the decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) (5.96 vs 5.65), DT, FT, and significant caries (SiC) index values was found, except for a decline in MT (0.17 vs 0.07; p < 0.05). The periodontal condition revealed deterioration, since some increase in the percentage of adolescents with gingival bleeding (34.2% vs 37.4%), shallow pockets (0 vs 2.8%) and loss of attachment (0 vs 1.3%), and a decrease in the mean number of sound sextants (4.85 vs 4.21; p < 0.01) were noticed. Moreover, fewer adolescents declared brushing their teeth at least twice a day (77.8% vs 66.7%; p < 0.001).
Conclusion. The high and constant prevalence of caries and deterioration of the periodontal condition indicate a significant burden on the oral health of adolescents. To improve this situation, the implementation of proper age-oriented oral health programs is needed.

Key words

adolescents, caries prevalence, periodontal condition

Słowa kluczowe

młodzież, występowanie próchnicy, stan przyzębia

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